Brick farmstead No. 56
The farmstead No. 56 is located on a distinctive promontory in the southern part of the village of Trstěnice. The brick two-storey building documents the reflection of the principles of classicist architecture in the rural milieu of the second half of the 19th century. A farmstead with trapezoidal ground plan in the place of the current building is registered already in the imperial imprint of the stable Land Registry from 1839. Its spacious enclosed layout contains residential premises in its northern wing. The eastern wing of the farmstead is comprised by a vaulted stable, while the western section contains several vaulted cowsheds and above them an extensive granary with joist ceiling. The granary is accessible from a wooden courtyard balcony that connects the floor above the main residential part of the complex and of the dwelling for retired former owners of the farmstead (reservatum rusticum) in the southern section. The constructions are made of fitted marlstone with stone architectonic details added. The original context of the farmstead consisted of a polygonal barn that was replaced in the second half of the 19th century by a bricked barn situated east of the farm. The farmstead, denoted as Mikšík’s, has been preserved in its original form without major building changes despite the fact that its use was not respectable in the last half-century. All parts of the complex were used for hog farming, which radically affected its condition. The renovation of the complex under way is focused not only on the building itself but also on its wider context, the landscape environment with historical cultural traces. Moreover, a timbered barn from Čistá is being rebuilt there from the spring of 2016, in the place of the vanished polygonal barn. The unique building from the late 17th century will become part of an authentically preserved farmstead in a renewed agricultural landscape without modern development.
After the completion of the reconstruction works, the farmstead No. 56 will include the brick farm building, the brick barn, the timbered polygonal barn, a fruit drying house, a flax drying house, a textile plant processing house (pazderna) and a bee house. The buildings will be set in an environment of newly delimited utility gardens, fields, orchards and pastures. Landscaping adaptations of the neighbourhood of the farmstead No. 56 will be aimed at renewing the traditional structure of the farming landscape, which has partially survived in the terrain in the forms of remnants of an orchard and traces of hollow ways connecting the farmstead and the adjacent building with the fields. The orchard situated north of the farmstead will be gradually renewed using old varieties of trees, as will be a rainwater reservoir by the eastern section of the enclosed courtyard. The complex will include roads reinforced by the use of štětování, an old technology utilising ballast, and wooden fences surrounding the orchard and the gardens. The composition of the varied terrain will be completed by the addition of useful trees such as walnut, hazel or rowan. A renewed hollow way will provide access to the fields adjoining the farmstead, which will be divided into smaller parts with the aim of maintaining greater biodiversity and enabling a return to traditional farming methods. The composition of the grown crops and the methods of their processing will follow local traditional customs and procedures. The today overgrown slopes below the farmstead will be utilised for farming again. This will renew both visual contact between individual parts of the village and the overall passableness and openness of the rural settlement.
The complex of the farmstead No. 56 in Trstěnice will be open to the public both in the course of the reconstruction and after its completion; during selected days, the public will be able to come and acquaint themselves with vernacular architecture and traditional manual procedures. The authentic milieu of the complex will make it possible for the visitors to directly watch the work of the craftsmen and gain a complex notion of the technological procedures, materials, building constructions and exactingness of the individual working operations in a unique practical demonstration of vernacular architecture and its renovation, rather than using the standard type of passive presentation.